English grammar: Hi. Welcome back to my blog. I am glad you landed on my blog again. Thanks a ton.
Couple of days ago, I was sitting at a cafe with my friends sipping on a Mocha. We sat talking for over an hour or two on every possible topic existing under the sun. It seemed like we never happened to stop, it was a non stop chit chat over a gals day out! We tremendously enjoyed our day out.
Now, you maybe wondering why am I mentioning my outings to you! Let me explain you as to why. During those chit chats, one of my friends said as we grew up and out of school, eventually we have lost touch with the basics of English grammar and we definitely need to brush up those basics once again. So, my other friend turned towards me and said, “Hey, listen, I have a great idea. There are definitely many people out there who need to brush on the basic grammar of English. Since you are a blogger and have many followers, why don’t you write something on it? It will definitely be helpful for many.”
I was perplexed; I said “grammar is not my niche plus I, myself, have forgotten a lot of basics. You check out online, you will find many other relative blogs and videos.”
Now, you see, my friends are never ready to accept a NO from me, they said “it may be out of your niche, but, for once, you write one for us, and as about the basics you don’t know, you can do some study and write, as you do on your other topics.”
Rest is history. Now that you have landed on this page, by now you are already aware that I accepted their request.
HOW I WENT ABOUT IT:
I sat down that evening in my balcony, gazing at the setting sun, sipping my favourite cup of coffee, mind full of thoughts as to how to begin.
By the night, I was ready with the plan. Next morning, I walked into the neighborhood local library and surfed for some basic grammar books, sat down studying, jotted down some points. Back home, I was sitting with my laptop for further information and prepared a very simple post on basics of English grammar. And that’s how I came up with this post.
I hope I am upto mark and the post is beneficial to you, my reader, the main reason for whom I dedicate all my work to!
Saying that let’s begin.
When we speak or write, we usually use words in groups. A group of words, arranged in a grammatically acceptable way, which gives complete meaning, is called a sentence.
For example: English is an internationally accepted global language.
Basic structure of a sentence:
Every sentence has two parts:
The first part is called the subject. It includes a noun or a pronoun. It names the person or the thing we talk about.
The second part is called the predicate. It includes a verb. It defines something about the subject.
For example: Arun is walking.
Arun– subject / is walking– predicate.
Types of Sentences:
Based on what functions they perform, sentences are classified into 4 types:
♦ Statement sentence – states facts, reports or describes something.
Eg: Students are faring good in the examinations.
A strong individual can change the world.
♦ Interrogative sentence – asks for information, or those which have question mark at the end. They contain two types:
○ Yes/No question : Eg: Do you want to have coffee?
○ Wh question : Where/why/When/What/How/Whom.
♦ Imperative sentence – those which commands or requests. They can start with a verb as the subject(you) is understood.
Eg: Don’t talk to me (Command)
Please eat with me (Request).
♦ Exclamatory sentence – express surprise, admiration, shock, joy etc., in an emphatic way.
Eg: Well done!
Oh no! We lost the match!
Bored?? All this was difficult? Let’s take a break. I will feed in some one liners for your refreshment!
◘ The four most beautiful words in our common language : I told you so – Gore Vidal.
◘ Drama: a word boring people use to describe fun people – Jenny Mollen
◘ The closest a person ever comes to perfection is when he fills out a job application form – Stanley Randall.
◘ I once gave my husband the silent treatment for an entire week, at the end of which he declared, “Hey, we’re getting along pretty great lately!”- Bonnie McFarlane, from You’re Better Than Me.
◘ I put so much more effort into naming my first Wi-Fi than my first child-Sophia Benoit.
Okay! That was enough of refreshment. I picked up these one liners from https://www.rd.com/jokes/one-liners/
Back to English Grammar:
Parts of a sentence also denotes parts of speech, in which words are connected together to make meaningful sentences. They are classified into different parts, according to their usage in a sentence. Hence, a word can be a Noun or Adjective in one context or a Verb in another context.
For example, The book (Noun) was a good read! He booked (Verb) his ticket to go to his hometown. Samantha has a bookish (Adjective, meaning: scholarly) look about her.
Parts of speech:
Words are classified into different parts, according to what impact they have in a sentence. There are 8 parts of speech in total:
– It can be a name of a person, a place, a common or a collective thing or an idea.
– They could be:
• Proper Noun – Sumit, Bangalore etc.,.
• Common Noun – Doctor, Bench etc.,.
• Collective Noun – Bunch, Herd etc.,- they denote a collection of things.
• Abstract Noun –Honour, Strength, Beauty- they denote quality which is not concrete.
• Material Noun – Gold, Diamond, Glass- refers to materials and metals.
It describes a Noun or a Pronoun.
Eg: He is a proud (Adjective) father (Noun).
Indicates an action or a state of being.
Eg: He is (Verb) a doctor.
He sold (Verb) his flat recently.
They are modifying words. They tell something more about a verb, an adjective or an adverb itself.
An adverb that modifies a verb is used generally along with the verb. It can even come at the beginning of a sentence.
Eg: She spoke softly (Adverb) to the elderly.
Softly she spoke to the elderly.
It is used in the place of a Noun.
Eg: The boy lost his toy. He (Personal Pronoun) was very upset about it’s (Possessive Pronoun) disappearance.
Pronouns are of different types:
• Personal Pronoun – I, We, You, He, She, It, They.
• Possessive Pronoun – My, Your, His, Hers, Theirs.
• Reflexive Pronoun – Himself, Myself.
• Demonstrative Pronoun – That, This, These, Those.
• Distributive Pronoun – Each, Every, Either, Neither.
• Reciprocal Pronoun – Each other, One another.
• Interrogative Pronoun – Whose, Which, What, Who.
• Relative Pronoun – Who, Whose.
• Quantitative Pronoun – More, Much, Little.
It connects a Noun or a Pronoun with some other word or expression in a sentence.
Eg: The pillow is on (Preposition) the bed.
The grocery store is just round (Preposition) the corner.
It connects clauses or sentences together.
Eg: And, But, Because, Either…or, Neither…nor, Not only…but also.
He is smart and handsome.
She is slow but steady in her studies.
It states a strong feeling such as joy, fear, surprise etc.,.
Eg: Alas! He failed in two of his subjects!
you can also read : No Shave November- MOVEMBER!!
That was quite a topic!! I have written on the very basics of English grammar. So what do you think should I write part 2 of the post with more grammar??
Let me know in the comments section below for your suggestions. I shall prepare a second part only if you desire it!